“According to legend, the Dogwood once grew as a tall, straight tree, but when the Dogwood was used to make the cross, Jesus was so moved that He promised the tree would never again grow large enough to be used for such a purpose. The root bark is used to make medicine. The tree’s extremely hard wood also found important uses as weavers’ shuttles and in golf club heads, the handles of chisels and mauls, and even as wedges and yokes. But for countless Americans today, the dogwood needs no greater purpose than the remarkable beauty it brings forests and homes. Wounds predispose this species this species to invastion by dogwood borers. 0000006838 00000 n 0000011485 00000 n Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia, the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. 1 Gal. The first is a native tree and the one you most likely think of when picturing this plant. 0000007646 00000 n Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. 0000004457 00000 n It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas … x�b```b`` d`e`��f`@ �����SO��30$��l��QPr�H�ΜĤ� ���)�֭�xEAAJ�].��)I��2��� 0 While the dogwood tree never again took part in an execution, it’s still said to … Research has shown that infected trees can be saved by pruning and destroying infected branches. xref Southern Living Plant Collection 2.5 Qt. The blossoms of dogwood add a welcome touch of color in early spring. – Dogwoods have been used medicinally for generations; the bark is rich in tannins, so ground bark or leaves are used to treat pain, fevers, backaches, dizziness, weakness, excessive sweating, uterine … 0000006213 00000 n Before you apply any fertilizer for dogwoods, it is a good idea to test your soil and see what nutrients it lacks and if the pH is suited to your plant. At the same time, the dogwoods in the forest burst into bloom, and they continue to do so right around Easter in what is believed to be a celebration of Jesus’ resurrection. The fruit that this tree bears can be … endstream endobj 244 0 obj<>/Metadata 29 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 28 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808142517)/PageLabels 26 0 R>> endobj 245 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 246 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 247 0 obj<> endobj 248 0 obj<> endobj 249 0 obj<> endobj 250 0 obj<> endobj 251 0 obj<> endobj 252 0 obj[/ICCBased 265 0 R] endobj 253 0 obj<> endobj 254 0 obj<> endobj 255 0 obj<> endobj 256 0 obj<> endobj 257 0 obj<>stream Founded in 1972, the...Read More, 100-year-old oak tree relocated instead of destroyed, Emerald Ash Borer: Important Response to a Slow-Moving Catastrophe, Cambium Carbon Cuts Waste, Builds Green Future, New Collaborative Approaches Drive Natural Climate Solutions, Sites where soil compaction is unavoidable, Soil that becomes excessively dry in summer, Sites exposed to salt spray or air pollution problems, Excessively hot sites such as parking lots. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Uses Ethnobotanic: Flowering dogwood root bark was used by Native Americans as a fever reducer, skin astringent, an antidiarrheal agent, and as a pain reliever for headaches, sores, and muscle inflammations. A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. Extreme care is necessary to prevent trunk damage such as from construction, lawn mowers or weed cutters. %%EOF Viewed from Above:  Branching structure and the delightful way blossoms are borne upward on the branches make this a good choice to plant beneath balconies, high porches, and room windows that look downward on the landscape. Dogwood Tree Food. However, it can tolerate both heavier soils or lighter, sandy soils if other conditions are right. Bright autumn foliage and red berries that linger into winter add a bold stroke of color to any landscape design. The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. Flowering dogwood has been named the state tree of both Virginia and Missouri, and the state flower of North Carolina. It is also one of my favorites and one I use quite often in my landscape designs for clients. The action of the Dogwood flowers is close to Chamomile for their soothing, tonic, and adaptability to weakened and debilitated conditions of the stomach. – Chaucer used the term “whippletree” to refer to the Dogwood, which is the name for the piece of wood connecting the horse’s harness to the drag pole of a cart. Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. The dogwood tree is a deciduous tree, which means it loses its leaves seasonally. Avoid: In recent years, dogwoods have been planted in harsh sites where stress predisposes them to a variety of diseases. Use 2 to 4 inches of wood chip mulch to help keep the soil cool and moist, and to reduce compaction. Dogwood trees need slightly acidic soil to thrive. The Dogwood tree is an extremely common ornamental plant, dogwood trees offer beautiful flowers and unique fruits. 0000025670 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Rake and dispose of leaves in autumn to help sanitize the area. endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream George Washington planted them at Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. Traditional Chinese medicine uses dogwood fruit to stabilize and tonify the kidney and liver. 0000008590 00000 n Flowering dogwood is a spectacular flowering tree native to our region and one of the most popular small ornamental trees in America. White Flowering Deciduous Dogwood Tree. Empress of China Dogwood With Creamy White Blooms Live Evergreen … How to Plant and Care for Flowering Dogwood, When planting flowering dogwood, careful site selection and some attention to regular care will be rewarded with an addition to the landscape that provides long-lasting, four-season beauty around the home, business or in lightly used areas of parks. Dogwood Trees in The Landscape. 271 0 obj<>stream Dogwood Tree Facts The dogwood name is derived from "dagwood," which refers to the trees' earliest use as material for making daggers and swords. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. 243 0 obj <> endobj Dogwood Uses The dense, hard wood of dogwood trees was used in the 19th century to make weaving shuttles for textile mills. Peattie says that the biggest user of dogwood in the last … Specimen Tree:  A specimen tree is a free-standing element in a landscape design. Picturesque ornamentals are selected for this role – standing alone like a piece of fine sculpture to be viewed from all sides. In small spaces where there is little foot traffic or where a mulch bed can prevent soil compaction, a dogwood tree can serve this purpose. �rG�eK����>"�. The wood wore smoothly … Its toughness is appreciated in a variety of applications, though its poor dimensional stability means that its use is usually restricted to … 0000003931 00000 n Peattie says dogwood is also used to make mauls, mallet heads and wedges. Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. The hard, dense wood has been used for products such as golf club heads, mallets, wooden rake teeth, tool handles, jeweler's boxes and butcher's blocks. These are the Flowering Dogwood, Kousa, and hybrids. 0000004493 00000 n 0000002793 00000 n In a small, intimate space where an enclosed feeling is desired, the spreading branches of dogwood can provide a pleasant “roof.”  (Some pruning of the lowest branches might be necessary for this use.) 0000010521 00000 n Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. x�bbg`b``Ń3� �� �N� WARNING: The fruit of flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans. 0000001863 00000 n Pink Dogwood Tree (14) Model# DOG-PIN-45-5 $ 82 96. It becomes a focal point for viewing and adds to the beauty of the entire ensemble of plants. Dogwood trees do not get very tall and are ideal for landscape plantings where small trees are desired. Today, flowering dogwood is also of economic importance to Tennesseans. 0000001415 00000 n Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. Comments: Dogwood has excellent shock resistance, and is one of the hardest domestic woods of the United States or Canada. Cornelian Cherry. 0000003567 00000 n In this usage it is called an accent tree. 0000005241 00000 n 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� Accent Tree:  Sometimes a specimen tree (see below) can be placed effectively among a mass of lesser plant material. Flowering Dogwoods (Cornus florida) One of the most popular of all flowering trees is the … Planting as described above can help prevent this disease. The Kousa fruit treats symptoms of weak kidney such as dizziness, body pain, and impotence. Saws or shears should be sanitized in Clorox or a similar solution after infected trees are pruned. 0000009545 00000 n If space allows, the white can be accentuated with a background of conifers. 243 29 Dogwood logs were sent as far as England to support production in textile mills. Brighter Blooms 5 Gal. It is said that the bracts of the Dogwood flower resemble the Cross and bear nail marks of the crucifixion. 0000001235 00000 n This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Its leaves turn a spectacular red in the fall before dropping. In addition to planting only on proper sites, here are some suggestions to keep flowering dogwoods healthy. 0000004736 00000 n Writer-naturalist Donald Peattie once wrote, “Lovely as it is, dogwood stoops also to be useful.”. America's founding fathers were big dogwood fans. Be sure to plant with the root collar or top of the root ball level with the soil surface — not a bit deeper! 0000000892 00000 n The type of dogwood tree food is an important consideration too. Model# DOGWHI01G $ 29 98. Common Uses: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows (archery), mallets, pulleys, and turned objects. trailer The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000001704 00000 n Best soil is a cool, acidic (pH 5.5 to 6.6) loam with a high percentage of organic matter. Flowering White Dogwood Tree (31) Model# DOG-WHI-34-5 $ 82 96. Noteworthy Characteristics. For all the beauty of this tree, the common name of dogwood may come from something less lovely – “dagger.”  This, in turn, may actually come from its early use as a skewer, or thin piece of wood used to hold meat together. There are various kinds of Dogwood trees but basically three main types. Landscape Use. 0000002248 00000 n Planting in this way also protects dogwood’s compaction-sensitive roots. Dogwood anthracnose is a troubling disease that has become nearly epidemic since the late 1970s. It is little used in modern herbalism. People use Jamaican dogwood for anxiety, sleep problems, nerve pain, migraine, and … The dogwood can be trained to grow with a single trunk or as a picturesque multi-trunked tree. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. As such, the cornus fruit maintains general urogenital health. 0000004985 00000 n 0000042708 00000 n Dogwood lumber is rare in that it is not readily available with any manufacturer and must be cut down by the … 0000015025 00000 n New trees need a different ratio than established specimens. Historically, people made medicine from the bark. The dogwood tree blooms for a few weeks in the spring, with four-petaled white flowers. 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