To help students study Class 9 History properly we have prepared French Revolution Class 9 notes.Read History Chapter 1 Class 9 extra questions and understand the role of women in French Revolution below by reading 189 French Revolution Class 9 Question Answers. The Social Contract. Robespierre ruled France from 1793 to 1794. The burden of financial activities of state during the Old Regime was borne by the ________ . Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly and accepted the principle that his powers would be checked by a constitution. All the concepts related to the French Revolution are mentioned in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 so that students don’t find it difficult solving the textbook questions. Lenders, who gave the state credit, now began to charge 10 percent interest on loans. Women could now train for jobs, could become artists or run small businesses. Answer: It was the duty of the state to protect each citizen’s natural rights. This, however, turned out to be a short-term measure. Together with the creation of state schools, schooling was made compulsory for all girls. Newspapers, books and pamphlets flooded French towns and reached the countryside as well. (b) The Spirit of the Laws. Which incident sparked the French Revolution? The French Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Short Answer Type Questions. Printed tracts and newspapers not only spread the new ideas, but they shaped the nature of debate. The judiciary and the legislature were elected by the people. Answer: Question 5. On what principle was voting conducted in the Estates General ? This led to a rapid increase in the demand for foodgrains. What was taille? Question 15. Question 11. Trace rights which we are enjoying today had origin in the French Revolution. Answer: CLOSE ADS. Robespierre introduced ‘Reign of Terror’ in France. A severe winter had meant a bad harvest, the price of bread rose. Answer: Question 5. The Oath was taken on 20th June in the hall of an indoor court in the grounds of Versailles. Citizens voted for a group of electors, who in turn close the assembly. Plays, songs and festive processions attracted large number of people. Subsistence crisis is an extreme situation where the basic means of livelihood are endangered. Robespierre government issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices. Private property was abolished and land became a state property. The newly elected assembly was called the Convention. Answer: Did women have a revolution in 1789 and after it ? They all described and discussed the events and changes taking place in France. Theory of division of power. They were exempted from paying taxes to the state. Question 11. 1946. The revolution acknowledged right to work and identified dignity of labour. Answer: Question 18. Answer: The Tennis Court Oath was a significant event in the French revolution. All were given equal rights irrespective of the Estate. Often bakers exploited the situation and hoarded supplies. Which law was introduced by revolutionary government in France as help to improve the lives of women? The nation had gone into deep dept because of the fighting in the Seven Years War (1756-1763) and the Revolutionary War in America under Louis XVI. What measures were taken by Robespierre to bring equality in the French Society? Before and during the days of Revolution, most of the women of France did not have access to good job training or education. John Locke. (v) France became a Republic : In 1792 the Jacobians held the king hostage and declared to form a new government. Plantation owners understood their freedom as including the right to enslave African Negroes in pursuit of their economic interests. Newspapers, pamphlets, books and printed pictures flooded the towns of France from where they travelled rapidly into the countryside. The political instability of the Directory paved the way for the rise of a military dictator, Napoleon Bonaparte. What was the Convention? Third estate, Question 4. On 20th June, they assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles. Its main objective was to limit the powers of the monarch. Answer: Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes were entitled to vote. At the same time, the king ordered troops to move into Paris. Class 9 History Chapter 1: The French Revolution Extra Important Question Notes. 271. The slave trade began in the seventeenth century. They got their name from the former convent of St. Jacob in Paris. Crops were trampled by hunting parties of the nobles. Robespierre ruled France from 1793 to 1794. It vested the power to make laws in the hands of National Assembly. Answer: NCERT Solutions for Class IX History: Chapter 1 The French Revolution Page No: 24 Questions 1. (a) The Social Contract, But the members of the Third Estate demanded that voting now be conducted on the democratic principle of one person, one vote. Who proposed the Social Contract theory ? ]} So the gap between the poor and the rich widened. Class 9 History – Online Test Chapter wise. On 21 September, 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. What was the slogan of the French revolutionaries? Answer: The Estates General was a political body and was controlled by the French Monarch. Only men above 25 years of age, who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage, were entitled to vote. The newly elected Assembly was called the Convention. Describe. This led to a subsistence crisis, something that occurred frequently in France during the Old Regime. Right to Vote: Not all citizens, however, had the right to vote. Explain the role of Jacobins in the French Revolution. In 1774, Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of Kings ascended the throne of ________ . India and the Contemporary World I (History) Chapter-1– The French Revolution,The following page provides you NCERT book solutions for class 9 social science, social science class 9 notes in pdf are also available in the related links between the text.. CHAPTER-1 The French Revolution. Answer: Explain the circumstances under which Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly. The National Assembly held long debates about whether the rights of man should be extended to all French subjects including those in the colonies. Here we have provided Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 9. Abolition of censorship. To whom was the taxes called Tithes payable by the peasants in the eighteenth century France? Why was Bastille hated by the French people? Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it at prices fixed by the government. Quiz on French Revolution. “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. (iv) 1804: Napoleon became the emperor of France. This led to chaos and resentment among the people. Explain. They enjoyed all the rights and privileges. Question 27. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. Answer: Answer: Explain the role of philosophers in the French Revolution of 1789. Caught in a frenzy of fear, peasants started attacking nobles. On 21st September, 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France as a republic. It conveyed the idea that the law is the some for all, and all are equal before it. Answer: The less prosperous sections of society. All citizens did not have the right to vote. Justify with the example of the French Revolution. Which theory was proposed by Montesquieu ? Created on May 18, 2020 By Admin. Question 5. Explain the role of Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s in the French Revolution. The French Revolution 19. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 73916 times. Each side sought to convince the others of its position through the medium of print. Yes, the French Revolution was the direct outcome of the oppressive despotic and autocratic attitude of Louis XVI, the corrupt and inhuman behaviour of privileged Estates- the clergy and nobility. Now the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen declared freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right. This time too when Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General, he decided to continue the same old practice. Plays, songs and festive processions attracted large numbers of people. Question 14. Robespierre pursued his policies so relentlessly that even his supporters turned against him. He was a great general too. MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers September 28, 2020 October 5, 2020 / By Prasanna Students who are searching for NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers Pdf free download are compiled here to get good practice on all fundamentals. The peasants had to pay various taxes to the government, to the nobles and to the Church. Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage were given the status of active citizens, that is they were entitled to vote. So the French government was obliged to spend an increasing percentage of its budget on interest payments alone. Answer: The ministers were also answerable to the legislature. Louis XVI was executed publicly at the Place de la Concorde.. iv. (v) France became a Republic: Elections were held. The population of France rose from about 23 million in 1715 to 28 million in 1789. But members of the Third Estate demanded that voting now should be conducted by the assembly as a whole, where each member would have one vote. There is a chance that NCERT textbook questions might be asked in the final exam. On 21st September 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France as a republic. Answer: Question 4. France was under the rule of a monarch, Louis XVI. Answer: Question 6. Answer: Quiz on French Revolution – Class 9 History Chapter. Under all these circumstances, Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly. What was newly elected assembly called ? As a result, the government acquired assets worth at least 2 billion livres. Symbol of Royal Power. Why Is his reign referred as the ‘Reign of Terror’ ? After spending hours in long queues at the bakery, crowds of angry women stormed into the shops. One important law that came into effect soon after the storming of the Bastille in 1789 was the ________ . The church was owner of a big chunk of land in France. Battle of Waterloo. Answer: The French Revolution of 1789 stood for the ideas of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. They were led by Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s. What was the role of philosophers and thinkers in the French Revolution? What privileges did certain sections of the society enjoy? Storming of Bastille (credits:wikipedia) ... HISTORY QUESTION AND ANS 20 August 2020 at 19:29. Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it at prices fixed by the government. The triangular slave trade was carried between Europe, Africa and America. Who formed the National Assembly in France in 1789? Question 28. It will also help you in Summative Assessment and Formative Assessment examination. (ii) Charles Montesquieu (1689-1775): A nobleman by birth, he became a lawyer and a judge. The constitution of 1791 vested the power to make laws in the National Assembly, which was indirectly elected. To meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities the state was forced to increase taxes. Explain the role of thinkers and philosophers in the French Revolution. The Estates General was a political body of France to which the three estates sent their representatives. On 20th June, 1789, the assembled in the hall of on indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles. There they were sold to plantation owners. Question 26. Treason. The majority of men and women in 18th century France could not read and write. Answer: On 20th June the representatives of the Third Estate assembled in the hall. Question 30. Answer The circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France were: → Social Inequality: French society in the eighteenth century was divided into three estates namely […] When was slavery finally abolished in French colonies ? French society was divided into three main classes called ‘estates’. Answer: What do you know about the abolition of slavery in France ? Write some of the main features of the French Constitution of 1791. Answer: Question 22. Unknown 23 August 2020 at 16:15. The Jacobin government issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wage and prices. However, ten years later, Napoleon reintroduced slavery. Explain triangular slave trade carried on during 18th and 19th century. That is, citizens voted for a group of electors, who in turn chose the Assembly. People of Third Estate demanded a society based on freedom and opportunities to all. The exploitation of slave labour made it possible to meet the growing demand in European markets for sugar, coffee, and indigo. VERY SHORT ANSWERS He followed the policy of severe control and punishment. Answer: Explain any five features of the Constitution of 1791 framed by the National Assembly in France. Most of the historians believe that from the very beginning women were active participants in the events related with the French Revolution of 1789. When did the French Revolution occur? The Constitution framed in 1791 began with a Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens. How was the French society organised before the revolution of 1789 ? So if the ruler did not fulfil the contract, the people had the right to withdraw their loyalty to him, and bring down the tyranny of the ruler, by revolting. The king enjoyed the veto power. Answer: Name any four French philosophers who inspired the French people to revolt. Convention legislated to free all slaves in the French overseas possessions. (iii) Carrying the Revolution: They were the people who believed that the revolution had to be carried further, as the Constitution of 1791 gave political rights only to the richer sections of society. Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies in 1848. Question 23. Revolutions occur when the existing system becomes unbearable to vast majority of people. The following fundamental rights, given in the Indian constitution can be traced to the French Revolution : Question 1. Question 28. Which laws were introduced by revolutionary government to improve the condition of women in France ? What did the French Revolution of 1789 stand for ? Who were denied entry to the assembly of the Estates General, called by Louis XVI on 5 May, 1789 ? Powers of the king separated and assigned to the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. Explain. It was named after Dr. Answer: Voting in the Estates General in the past had been conducted according to the principle that each estate had one vote. Question 14. France, Question 6. Mention two factors responsible for this crisis ? Name any one class that did not belong to Jacobin Club? In the early years, the revolutionary government did introduce laws that helped to improve the lives of women. One important law that came into effect soon after the storming of the Bastille in the summer of 1789 was the abolition of censorship. Maximilian Robespierre. ‘Social disparity was one of the major causes of the French Revolution.’ Justify by giving examples. Declaration of the rights of man and citizen was also a feature of this year. Abbe’ Sieye’s originally a priest, wrote an influential pamphlet called, ‘What is the Third Estate?’. 08 June. In his Two Treatises.of government, John Locke sought to refute the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the monarch. These could not be taken away. The Jacobin government in France was based on extreme measures. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 333104 times. They declared themselves a national assembly and swore not the disperse till they had drafted a constitution for France that would limit the powers of the Monarch. Many of his measures that carried the revolutionary ideas of liberty and modem laws to other parts of Europe had an impact on people long after Naopleon had left. From now on all men of 21 years and above, regardless of wealth, got the right to vote. It limited the powers of the monarch. His rule is referred as the ‘Reign of Terror’ because he followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Bastille was hated because it stood for the despotic power of the king. Throughout the eighteenth century there was little criticism of slavery in France. The philosophers and thinkers believed that,no group in a society should be privileged by birth. Answer: Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage were given the status of active citizens, that is, they were entitled to vote. The agitated crowd stormed and destroyed the Bastille on ________ . National Assembly, Question 8. Most women of the Third Estate had to work for a living as seamstresses or laundresses. Answer: All those who were considered enemies by him or who did not agree with him or with his methods were arrested, imprisoned and then tried by a revolutionary tribunal. On the other hand, the peasants and workers lived a wretched life. Answer: Describe the status of the nobles in France before the revolution. The newly elected assembly was called the Convention. Who was the leader of the Jacobin club ? He had no respect for the freedom of liberty. They get to analyse their performance in a subject and study for the exams focusing more to improve on their weaknesses. The newly elected assembly was called the convention. These representatives of the Third Estate viewed themselves as spokesmen for whole French nation. (b) Charles Montesquieu Answer: He wanted the people to think about their material life on earth, and forget about heaven. Answer: Name the special tax levied by the church on peasants. Exemplar Questions Class 9 is a very important resource for students preparing for the Examination. Both Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s were great political thinkers. These Jacobins came to be known as the sansculottes, literally meaning — those without knee breeches. The French Revolution Q1. They supported a society based on freedom and equal laws. Answer: Events and changes taking place in France were frankly discussed. Women, however, were not allowed to do so. They declared themselves a National Assembly, and swore not to disperse till they had drafted a constitution for France that would limit the powers of the monarch. Answer: Question 11. (v) John Locke: He was also a great political thinker. Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of Jacobin Club. Explain how the new political system of Constitutional monarchy in France worked. What idea did the ‘Law Tablet Convey’ ? This state of social inequality was the chief cause of the French Revolution. Answer: Class 09 - Civics ... Class 10 - History Class 9 Coaching Distance Learning Downloads Exam Tips Importance India Maths Tricks Online Class Quetions Quiz no-style. Now all were free to write and speak. The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. The Assembly nationalized church lands to pay off the public debt. MCQ Questions for Class 9 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Political powers were given to the Third Estate. Newspapers, pamphlets and printed pictures appeared steadily in the towns of French. Question 1. Their leader was Maximilian Robespierre. Answer: Branded and shackled, the slaves were packed tightly into ships for the three-month long voyage across the Atlantic to the Caribbean. Explain the events that led to the insurrection of 1792 in France. He set out to conquer neighbouring Europeon countries. Who were the Jacobins ? All those whom he saw as being ‘enemies’ of the republic-ex-nobles and clergy, members of other political parties, even members of his own party who did not agree with his methods were arrested, imprisoned and then tried by a revolutionary tribunal. The Jacobin Clubs. Discuss the impact of abolition of censorship in France. Divorce was made legal, and could be applied by both women and men. The war added more than a billion livers to a dept that had already risen to more than 2 billion livres. Added to this was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. While the National Assembly was busy at Versailles drafting a constitution. Montesquieu. It was sung for the first time by volunteers from Marseilles as they marched into Paris and so got its name. Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Who was the leader of the Jacobin Club? Answer: Peasants, artisans and women were denied entry to the assembly of the Estate General. They lived in pomp and extravagance which led to resentment among the members of the Third Estate. Answer: Question 11. A guillotine was _____ (a) A device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person was beheaded (b) A fine sword with which heads were cut off (c) A special noose to hang people (d) none of the above. 26 May. These publications described and discussed the events and changes taking place in the country. Meat and bread were rationed. The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. They included small shopkeepers, artisans such as shoemakers, pastry cooks, watch-makers, printers, as well as servants and daily wage earners. The American constitution and its guarantee of individual rights was an important example for political thinkers in ________ . In the summer of 1792, they planned an insurrection of many Parisians who were angered by the short supplies and high prices of food. aisha jannath. Answer: Question 11. They assembled on 20 June, 1789 in the hall of an indoor tennis court in Versailles. From there, they travelled into the countryside. Describe the effects of abolition of law of censorship on France. HOTS Answer: Man and citizen, Question 9. Middle class, Question 5. Question 16. Question 1. The first estate constituted the clergy, the second estate constituted the nobility and the rest of the population constituted the third estate. Answer: The third estate shouldered the burden of taxation and had few privileges. CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science.Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. In France, the eighteenth century witnessed the emergence of a social group, termed as the ________ . France. Question 10. Peasants were obliged to render services to the lord. What is a Guillotine ? In the Spirit of the laws Moritesquieu proposed a division of power within the government between the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. Chapter 1- The French Revolution. Question 17. Write three main features of the French Constitution of 1971. Thus, people could identify with ideas of liberty and equality easily. The National Assembly completed the draft of the constitution in 1791 as a result of which France finally became a republic in 1792. San-culottes men wore in addition the red cap that symbolised liberty. @media only screen and (min-width: 769px) {table {border:2px;}} The National Assembly was formed in 1791 with an object to limit the powers of the monarch. Dec 14, 2020 - Short Revision Questions : French Revolution (70 questions) | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. On 14 July, the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed Bastille. They did not have access to education or job training. We have Provided Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. i. HOTS Equality was also sought to be practised through forms of speech and address. Question 1. But it did not pass any laws, fearing opposition from businessmen whose incomes depended on the slave trade. Estates General was called together by Louis XVI to pass proposals for new taxes. Or Q.9. Jean Jacques Rousseau. (v) Unequal Distribution of Wealth : In the French society, peasants made up about 90% of the population. Women’s movement for voting rights and equal wages continued through the next two hundred years in many countries of the world. Robespierre’s government ordered shut down of churches and converting church buildings into barrack or offices. Question 13. They all described and discussed the events and changes taking place in France. Question 30. He conquered Europe and saw his role as a moderniser of Europe. Rousseau carried the idea forward, proposing a form of government based on a social contract between people and their representatives. Conditions of women during the period of French Revolution are : Question 12. It was a system under which land was granted to landlords in return for military or labour services. [HOTS ] Answer: Wars and Economic Crisis : In 1774, when Louis XVI ascended the throne, he found and empty treasure. (ii) National Assembly: The representatives of the Third Estate viewed themselves as spokesmen for the whole French nation. Or Answer: Question 19. Patriotic song Marseillaise composed by poet Roget de Lisle. The new constitution made provision for two elected legislative councils. When did France abolish the monarchy and became republic? Answer: Answer: Napoleon was defeated in the battle of Waterloo. Sansculottes men wore in addition the red cap that symbolised liberty. Who wrote the ‘Two Treatises of Government’? The members of the church, clergy belonged to the First Estate. (i) Assembly of the Estates: On 5th May 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. (iv) Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778): Rousseau is regarded as the architect of the French Revolution. ... CLASS-9 SOCIAL SCIENCE EXTRA QUESTIONS AND … (i) Division of the society into three Estate : (ii) Heavy Burden of Taxes on the Third Estate: The members of the first two Estates were exempted from paying taxes to the state. But wages did not keep pace with the rise in prices. This time too, Louis XVI was determined to continue the same practice. (ii) National Assembly : The representatives of the Third Estate viewed themselves as spokesmen for the whole French nation. The economic condition of government improved. Question 5. In The Spirit of the Laws, Montesquieu proposed a division of power within the government between the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. Answer: The Marseilles is now the national anthem of France. Answer: Question 4. He carried out the revolutionary ideas of liberty and modern laws to other parts of Europe which he conquered. Who was Robespierre? The Constitution of 1791 vested the power to make laws in the National Assembly, which was indirectly elected. Reply Delete. Tithes was the special tax levied by the church on peasants. Guillotine who invented it. Under all these circumstances, Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly. The National Assembly drafted the new Constitution which laid the foundation of Republic of France. The entire burden of taxation fell on the third estate. All the political powers were in the hands of the first two Estates. Answer: Question 29. However, Napoleon reintroduced slavery. Online Test of Chapter 1 French Revolution Test 1 History (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. What was feudal system? Question 24. They included small shopkeepers, artisans such as shoemakers, pastry cooks, watch-makers, printers, as well as servants and daily-wage workers. Replies. He believed in the Divine Right Theory of Kings. 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