[141] As of October 2019[update], it is also the second largest free-trade zone in mainland China in terms of land area (behind Hainan Free Trade Zone [zh], which covers the whole Hainan province[142]) by covering an area of 240.22 km2 (92.75 sq mi) and integrating four existing bonded zones—Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Logistics Park, Yangshan Free Trade Port Area, and Pudong Airport Comprehensive Free Trade Zone. Shanghai—Lujiazui in particular—has numerous skyscrapers, making it the fifth city in the world with the most skyscrapers. (2017). With a population of 24.28 million as of 2019[update], it is the most populous urban area in China and the third most populous city proper in the world. [190] The average fare ranges from CN¥3 (US$0.48) to CN¥9 (US$1.28), depending on the travel distance. [189], Shanghai's rapid transit system, the Shanghai Metro, incorporates both subway and light metro lines and extends to every core urban district as well as neighboring suburban districts. Shanghai is a global center for finance, research, technology, manufacturing, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port. [162] Other forms of Christianity in Shanghai include Eastern Orthodox minorities and, since 1996, registered Christian Protestant churches. The earliest occurrence of this name dates from the 11th-century Song dynasty, when there was already a river confluence and a town with this name in the area. Those are in turn divided into the following village-level divisions: 3,661 neighborhood committees and 1,704 village committees. A city wall was built for the first time in 1554 to protect the town from raids by Japanese pirates. [229], Overtaking the Port of Singapore in 2010,[230] the Port of Shanghai has become world's busiest container port with an annual TEU transportation of 42 million in 2018. Signature dishes of Benbang cuisine include Xiaolongbao, Red braised pork belly, and Shanghai hairy crab. [29] A City God Temple was built in 1602 during the Wanli reign. About 18,000 civilians were either killed, injured, or declared missing. Shanghai is located on an alluvial plain. [313][314] Additionally, the government has moved almost all the factories within the city center to either the outskirts or other provinces,[315] and provided incentives for transportation companies to invest in LPG buses and taxis. Shanghai is officially abbreviated 沪[a] (Hù/Vu2) in Chinese, a contraction of 沪渎[b] (Hù Dú/Vu Doh, "Harpoon Ditch"), a 4th- or 5th-century Jin name for the mouth of Suzhou Creek when it was the main conduit into the ocean. Beijing has an average low temperature of 7°C (45°F) and an average high temperature of 19°C (66°F). Seven of the districts govern Puxi (lit. [192] The train can complete the 30-kilometer (19 mi) journey between Longyang Road Station and Pudong International Airport in 7 minutes 20 seconds,[193] comparing to 32 minutes by Metro Line 2[194] and 30 minutes by car. [18], 魔都 (Módū, "Magical City"), a contemporary nickname for Shanghai, is widely known among the youth. [98] Zeng Qinghong, a former deputy party secretary of Shanghai, also rose to the Politburo Standing Committee and became the Vice President and an influential power broker. Mayor Gong Zheng told a press conference on Wednesday that Shanghai remained the top choice for … [316] The wastes are collected by separate vehicles and sent to incineration plants, landfills, recycling centers, and hazardous-waste-disposal facilities, respectively. Each year, there are an average of 6.2 days with snowfall and 2.8 days with snow cover. The Great World opened in 1912 and was a significant stage at the time. [27] From the Yuan dynasty in 1292 until Shanghai officially became a municipality in 1927, central Shanghai was administered as a county under Songjiang Prefecture, which had its seat in the present-day Songjiang District. A side-effect of the Japanese invasion of Shanghai was the Shanghai Ghetto. Some foreign embassies, consulates, and international organizations may give several days off for Christmas. Yet, even during the most tumultuous times of the revolution, Shanghai was able to maintain economic production with positive annual growth rate. [151] Shanghai is also a domestic immigration city—40.3% (9.8 million) of the city's residents are from other regions of China. [83] The futuristic-looking Oriental Pearl Tower, at 468 m (1,535 ft), is located nearby at the northern tip of Lujiazui. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 34% in March to 54% in August, the city receives 1,895 hours of bright sunshine annually. [157] As of 2014[update], Buddhism in Shanghai had 114 temples, 1,182 clergical staff, and 453,300 registered followers. [109], Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China. A round-trip ticket costs CN¥80 (US$12.80), and VIP tickets cost double the standard fare. [100], Officials with ties to the Shanghai administration collectively form a powerful faction in the central government known as the Shanghai Clique, which has often been viewed to compete against the rival Youth League Faction over personnel appointments and policy decisions. [35] In 1863, the British settlement to the south of Suzhou Creek (northern Huangpu District) and the American settlement to the north (southern Hongkou District) joined in order to form the Shanghai International Settlement. [23] During the Spring and Autumn period (approximately 771 to 476 BC), it belonged to the Kingdom of Wu, which was conquered by the Kingdom of Yue, which in turn was conquered by the Kingdom of Chu. [191], Opened in 2004, the Shanghai maglev train is the first and the fastest commercial high-speed maglev in the world, with a maximum operation speed of 430 km/h (267 mph). [54] On 17 January 1958, Jiading, Baoshan, and Shanghai County in Jiangsu became part of Shanghai Municipality, which expanded to 863 km2 (333.2 sq mi). December avg precip: 0.1″/0.3cm; The weather during December is Santiago is pretty much perfect, with warm days and nights cool enough so that anyone can sleep without needing air conditioning. Shanghai averages at 15°C (59°F) and 22°C (72°F) low and high respectively. The port experienced thriving trade with provinces along the Yangtze and the Chinese coast, as well as with foreign countries such as Japan and Silla. During World War II, thousands of Jews emigrated to Shanghai in an effort to flee Nazi Germany. Since 2004, it has hosted the Chinese Grand Prix, a round of the Formula One World Championship. The city has since re-emerged as a hub for international trade and finance; it is the home of the Shanghai Stock Exchange, one of the largest stock exchanges in the world by market capitalization and the Shanghai Free-Trade Zone, the first free-trade zone in China. Authorities pulled nearly one-third of government vehicles from the roads, while much construction work was halted. Jean-Marc F. Blanchard "China’s Maritime Silk Road Initiative and South Asia" (2019). [58] As of 2020, Shanghai is classified as an Alpha+ city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, making it one of the world's Top 10 major cities.[59]. [159] The Apostolic Vicariate of Shanghai was erected in 1933, and was further elevated to the Diocese of Shanghai in 1946. Under the new People's Republic of China (PRC), Shanghai was one of only three municipalities not merged into neighboring provinces (the others being Beijing and Tianjin). Average values and totals based on weather … Saudi International. Featuring several architecture styles such as Art Deco and shikumen, the city is renowned for its Lujiazui skyline, museums and historic buildings—including the City God Temple, Yu Garden, the China Pavilion and buildings along the Bund. China’s stainless steel futures jumped to a three-week high on Wednesday, extending a rally fuelled by brisk demand coupled with low inventory and a … The expressway network within the city center consists of North–South Elevated Road, Yan'an Elevated Road, and Inner Ring Road. [33] There were 20 urban districts and 10 suburbs at the time. It measured 10 m (33 ft) high and 5 km (3 mi) in circumference. [237] The culture fuses elements of Western cultures with the local Wuyue culture, and its influence extends to the city's literature, fashion, architecture, music, and cuisine. [297] Shanghai Botanical Garden is located 12 km (7 mi) southwest of the city center and was established in 1978. [81] Completed in 2015, the tower takes the form of nine twisted sections stacked atop each other, totaling 128 floors. [236] Haipai culture emerged after Shanghai became a prosperous port in the early 20th century, with numerous foreigners from Europe, America, Japan, and India moving into the city. [133], In September 2013 with the backing of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, the city launched the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone—the first free-trade zone in mainland China. [62] It does not administratively include an exclave of Jiangsu on northern Chongming or the two islands forming Shanghai's Yangshan Port, which are parts of Zhejiang's Shengsi County. "Shanghai Studies: An evolving academic field", This page was last edited on 5 February 2021, at 18:06. [89] The party's committee [zh] acts as the top policy-formulation body, and is typically composed of 12 members (including the secretary). The Shanghai Disney Resort Project was approved by the government on 4 November 2009[299] and opened in 2016. [28], Two important events helped promote Shanghai's developments in the Ming dynasty. [10], Shanghai has a life expectancy of 83.6 years for the city's registered population,[152] the highest life expectancy of all cities in mainland China. Many universities in Shanghai are located in residential areas in Yangpu District and Putuo District. (Shanghai, China : 1939–1940. Several industrial zones—including Shanghai Hongqiao Economic and Technological Development Zone, Jinqiao Export Economic Processing Zone, Minhang Economic and Technological Development Zone, and Shanghai Caohejing High-Tech Development Zone—are backbones of Shanghai's secondary sector. Although the port is run by the Shanghai International Port Group under the government of Shanghai, it administratively belongs to Shengsi County, Zhejiang. [164], Shanghai has several folk religious temples, including the City God Temple at the heart of the Old City, the Dajing Ge Pavilion dedicated to the Three Kingdoms general Guan Yu, the Confucian Temple of Shanghai, and a major Taoist center Shanghai White Cloud Temple [zh] where the Shanghai Taoist Association locates. [168], Prior to its expansion, the language spoken in Shanghai was subordinate to those spoken around Jiaxing and later Suzhou,[168] and was known as "the local tongue" (本地闲话), which is now being used in suburbs only. As such, it has sandy soil, and skyscrapers are to be built with deep concrete piles to avoid sinking into the soft ground. [60] The provincial-level Municipality of Shanghai administers both the estuary and many of its surrounding islands. Cultural curation in Shanghai has seen significant growth since 2013, with several new museums having been opened in the city. [ 288 ], it was mainly performed in English able to maintain production... From Siberia can cause nighttime temperatures to drop below freezing update ], the Shanghai international Circuit cause! Opted out of the Wu-speaking region have come to Shanghai in 1608 by italian missionary Lazzaro Cattaneo most., Shanghai and the China Europe international Business School foreign concessions are also well-preserved, Chinese! 128 floors Great Athens of China, for that period they were the de facto national... City wall was built in 1602 during the December 2013 Eastern China smog, air pollution reached! 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