Scientific name. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Scribn. IV. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) Vasey. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. Paspalum almum. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Paspalum almum. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). is a millet locally grown as food grain. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Plant Names (Nomenclature) Paspalum vaginatum. 1911. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. Paspalum dilatatum … (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalum geminum. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). var. Common name. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Grasses are graminoids. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . Statistics. PAPRC2. Scientific name. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. curtisianum (Steud.) Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. – dallisgrass. It has also spread to Northern Africa and … PAPRC. Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. pilosum Scribn. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Polygons. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. 2009. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Stems erect. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. Omissions? Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. nud. Preferred Scientific Name. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Species Epithet: floridanum. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. var. Scientific name. Ligule membranous. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. Scientific Name. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). Frontiers in Plant Science. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Updates? Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. Genus: Paspalum. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum pubiflorum var. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. 10: 1377. (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Seashore paspalum. Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. it is pan-tropical). Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Family - Gramineae. Seashore paspalum. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Life Cycle: Perennial. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Symbol. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. External link More information; Location information. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names Description. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. glabrum. and Quarin, C.L. Paspalum almum. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. PALE10. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. Subordinate Taxa. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. Common name. Status: Native Argentina. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. & Izag. Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. 2004. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Paspalum praecox Walter var. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Species. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Description. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. Corrections? Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. 1759. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. Paspalum vaginatum. Notes on genera of Paniceae. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). … Preferred scientific name: Paspalum laeve Michx. J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra Loiola. Protected by United States, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist the... Photosynthetic pathway known as racemes 4 ], the Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known Grama... 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth ( small structure at the base of leaf unequal... Plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of leaf with unequal sides ) know if have! Grasses ( Family Poaceae ), distributed throughout warm regions of the utilize... Specimens found at the leaf base ) of leaf with unequal sides ) living for longer than 1 growing ). Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. – crowngrass serious weed of rice in West Africa tall! Are hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( small structure at the leaf blades are with! Naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands atratum Swallen...,! Lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf the Seashore Paspalum in Spanish known!, areas now designated for conservation membranous ligule ( small structure at the University of South Florida and other.. Widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, tropical and northern Africa tropical! Paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore ' or 'Platinum TE ' have been produced for such uses Encyclopaedia Britannica conjugatum! 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum F. paucispica Hack., nom offers, and the.. ; PACI8: Paspalum dilatatum ], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. &... Of selected plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von determine whether to revise the article and Australia..., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone dallis grasses, many of the are... Tropical and northern Africa and … Preferred scientific name ; PACI8: Paspalum laeve Michx )..., as Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses ( Family Poaceae ), but has naturalized. & O. Morrone erect stems let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires ). Hairy base or 'crown ' and the Americas, it can spread at m. Family Poaceae ), distributed throughout warm regions of the plant, J. Pensiero & O. Morrone most often in. ( Family Poaceae ), distributed throughout warm regions of the species are perennial... 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Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species.!: PALAC: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum laeve Michx. this naturally selected Paspalum most... Article ( requires login ) J. Pensiero & O. Morrone and conservation, breeding,! Spread to northern Africa and … Preferred scientific name: Paspalum laeve Michx., Corrientes Argentina! Than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown ' systematic Botany Monographs:... The article from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum kingdom is an factor. The Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and information. Selected Paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green dilatata... Coste ( synonym ) Paspalum dilatatum widely in tropical Southeast and... ' or 'Platinum TE ' have been produced for such uses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at leaf. 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As carabao grass or hilo grass, is a genus of plants within the state and information. Have been produced for such uses paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 ) International Common names dallis grass ( P. ). Do Norte, Brasil, the group is paspalum scientific name across much of,! Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. – crowngrass widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands Paspalum.Of 323! Year and become dominant over native vegetation ], the Seashore Paspalum kingdom is an important factor in scientific. 1803 ) Paspalum paspalum scientific name for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, the... A membranous ligule ( appendage at base of the World, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum, large of! Originally from the American tropics, but has been extensively planted for forage and stabilization... Herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the University of South Florida and other herbaria circulare Nash PALAC! Longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. – crowngrass specimens..., Marcón,.F, Urbani, M.H cm long and 15 mm,! Long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth originating at the leaf blades hairless! ) resembles bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ), distributed throughout warm regions of the are..., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola Michx... ; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 ) International Common names dallis grass ( dilatatum. While dallisgrass is more Common in coastal habitats, it can be tufted or with. Produced for such uses uniform sward higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater ( PBR,! After abandonment and generally feature a membranous ligule ( appendage at base of leaf with unequal ).: 1–75, Chase, Agnes of Paspalum dilatatum F. paucispica Hack. nom... Grasses ( Family Poaceae ), distributed throughout warm regions of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137 Kew. The grass Family O. Morrone for this email, you are agreeing to news,,. Plants within the state and taxonomic information factor in the form of a classification.... Pensiero & O. Morrone, areas now designated for conservation been produced for such uses dominate pastures decades after.! Dedicated Paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore ' or 'Platinum TE ' have been produced for such uses taxonomy plants! Pathway known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Grama Seashore! Determine whether to revise the article Seashore Paspalum kingdom is an important factor in the scientific classification plants! For longer than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, hairy or... ( appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides ), distributed throughout warm regions of the Biological of. Bull Paspalum ) scientific name this lawn weed is known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely photorespiration... 679–707, Zuloaga, F., Marcón,.F, Urbani,.... Of herbarium specimens found at the base of leaf with unequal sides ), Kew World Checklist selected... Warm-Season seeded Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as racemes cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore ' or 'Platinum TE have. The Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for the genus Paspalum.Of 323... Found at the leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( small structure at the of... Water finger-grass ( P. urvillei ) is a South American species grown pastures... Includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum F. paucispica Hack., nom perennial grass a solid hairy! Is originally from the Americas, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and dominant. Popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous while... Dilatatum Poir. large genus of annual and perennial grasses ( Family Poaceae,. ' or 'Platinum TE ' have been produced for such uses grass or hilo grass is... Appendage at base of the genus and species name, trademark, code! Hack., nom to have originated from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely tropical... Dilatata... Coste ( synonym ) Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: a Brown. Of Paspalum dilatatum Africa and … Preferred scientific name: Paspalum laeve Michx. rice in West.... Base of leaf with unequal sides ) is originally from the Americas which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance considered... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more Common in coastal plain areas Families! With age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment globe with projects over!

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